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Designing the Future Landscape:The Boeing CompanyDigital Architecture, Design andEngineering AssetsLibrary of CongressArchitect of the CapitolNational Gallery of ArtPhil Rosche – ACCR for Rick Zuray – The Boeing Company16 November 2017Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 1

Model-Based Definition/EnterpriseRecords InformationManagement What data to archive?InformationRequirements &Business Rules How long to archive? Who owns archived dataand systems? Model BasedEnvironment impacts ITsystems and designprocesses What are the operationalrequirements on systems? Governance &PlanningProcessRepositoryRetentionperiod &FormatProcesses & SystemsTransition to a Model Centric Approach for structured digital data.Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 2

Complex ProductsCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 3

Evolution of the Design ProcessProduct767747-400777787MediaPaperDrawings2D CAD3D CAD w/ 2DDwgs3D MBDParts ta volume(GB)354.61143.8343.14401.5Built/Delivered (as of Sept, 2017)Airplane FleetData 3,393.0154,052.625.5 petabytes of data – Boeing widebody airplanesCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 4

Evolving Technologies:Early Data Exchange ExampleRosetta StoneHieroglyphicsDemotic ScriptGreekCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 5

Evolving Technologies:The Product Definition ExampleProduct Definition Data (PDD) creation, storage anddistribution has significantly changed in the past 50 years.PDD is the source for “Type Design” as defined by the FAA.2D Only Creation2D AuthorityHybrid 2D / 3D Creation2D Authority3D Only Creation3D AuthorityModel Based Definition (MBD)1st GenerationCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.2nd Generation3rd GenerationDigital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 6

Technology Evolution:Processes Can Be Tool IndependentHow parts are controlledConfiguration Management Paper-based Master controlled by theoriginator (desk drawer) Engineering intent definedin multiple locations1st GenerationCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Product Data Management File-based Controlled by 1st generationproduct data manager (filevault) Engineering intent definedin multiple locations2nd GenerationProduct Lifecycle Management Relationship-based Controlled by product lifecyclemanager Engineering intent defined in asingle location (single source ofproduct definition)3rd GenerationDigital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 7

Product Lifecycles3 Months10 YearsSoftwareStorageMediaLength of timebetween softwareversion upgrades151015ComputerProcessorsProcessor speeddoubling “Moore’sLaw”18 Months59 YearsMinutemanThe program beganin 1956 and isexpected tocontinue until 2040Data shelf-lifeof softwaremedia20253035404550556065Careers707B-52The averageturnover rate atBoeingThe programbegan in 1952and is still inuse todayThe B-52program beganin 1946 and stillin use today5 Years65 Years71 YearsProgram lifecycles are lengthening and technology lifecycles are compressingThere will be 260 software upgrades over the B-52’s lifetimeCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 8

Global Collaboration Environment - 787Common processes, computingapplications, and training materialsaccessible by over 100 partnersand thousands of suppliers worldwide. Data compatibilityStandard design languageGlobal Design resource24 hour workdaySingle instance of PDMat the Boeing Puget Sound Data Center.Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 9

How are we going to manage this complex data overits 70 year lifecycle?Data roduct Data QualityProduct Data QualityVerification & ValidationModel Centric Data ManagementCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 10

Addressing the ChallengeCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 11

Code ofFederalRegulationsLOTAR ProjectAeronauticsand Space1PARTS 1 TO459Revised as of Jan 1,1999Paper-based processCode of Federal FAA Order AC21-48Regulations8000.79PastThe project objective is to develop, publish andmaintain standards designed to provide the capabilityto archive and retrieve digital product and technicalinformation, including 3D CAD and PDM data, in astandard neutral form that can be read and reusedthroughout the product lifecycle.The standards are published as NAS 9300 US,(EN9300 Europe), series and cover both theinformation content as well as the processes requiredto ingest, store, administer, manage and access theinformation.FutureKey Team Members:Mission StatementCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital-based processRequirementsTeam Leaders and Represented Companies: Rick Zuray: US ChairJeff Holmlund: US CoordinatorJean-Yves Delaunay: EU ChairJochen Boy: EU CoordinatorPhil Rosche: CAx-IF ChairMike Jahadi: PDES PresidentDigital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 12

Information Lifecycle PlanningDriving QuestionsWhat datashould wearchive?What is the finalformat the data isto be archived in?Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Why are wearchivingthe data?What is thecurrent dataformat?What is theretention periodof the data?How frequentdo we accessthe data?Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 13

LOTAR Timeline20032012 First joint team meeting of theinternational AIA - ASD-StanLOTAR effort under the mgt ofthe IAQG* (MoU: AIA/ASD-Stan)Late 1990s:2004 AIA in the US and ASD-Stanin Europe launched separateinitiatives for the Long-termPreservation of Aerospace &Defense DigitalProductDefinition Data. Launch of the 3D CADand PDM Workgroups2000 Start of the PDES, Inc. LTDRProject (US) coord w/AIA LTDR First Publication ofLOTAR Domain SpecificParts (3D CAD)Launch of theWorkgroups for ElectricHarness, Meta Data forArchive Packages, and3D Visualization2015:2005 First Publication ofLOTAR Basic Parts Launch of the LOTARAdditive Manufacturing WG20062014 Kicked off LOTAR Eng Analysis &Sim Workgroup Sept 2014First Publication of LOTARCommon Process Parts20092002 Start of the ASD Stan – ProSTEPiViP LOTAR Project (Europe)IAQG* approved charter forAIA/ASD Stan Joint ProjectAIA LTDR Published ARP9034Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved. Creation of the jointLOTAR Internationalconsortium (AIA / ASDStan / PDES, Inc. /ProSTEP iViP)Launch of theComposites WG2017: Evaluation of Model BasedSystem EngineeringRequirementsDigital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 14

LOTAR Standard FoundationISO 14721:2012 (OAIS) „Open Archive Information System“ (OAIS) Reference Model is basis forLOTAR processesDeveloped by Aerospace and Defense IndustryExtended to meet the specific requirements of LOTARAs neutral data format for the archives, ISO 10303 (STEP) has been chosensince it is the most advanced open format.Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 15

LOTAR Working GroupsEngineering Analysisand SimulationWiring HarnessEN/NAS 9300-6xx seriesEN/NAS 9300-4xx seriesEN/NAS 9300-21ISO STEP AP209 ed2STEP AP242 ed2STEP AP239 ed3STEP AP 242 ed22014 launchComposites andAdvanced ManufacturingEN/NAS 9300-3xx seriesSTEP AP203 ed2STEP AP242 ed1Meta Data forArchive Packages2012 launchCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Requirements andComplianceDocuments2012 launch2012 launchMechanical 3D CAD withProduct and ManufacturingInformation (PMI)Product DataManagement (PDM)EN/NAS 9300-1xx seriesEN/NAS 9300-2xx seriesSTEP AP203 ed2STEP AP214 ed3STEP AP239STEP AP242 ed1STEP AP242 ed12009 launch3D Visualization2004 launch2004 launchDigital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 16

Process Domain Technical Working GroupsProcess &Use Cases(LOTAR WorkGroups) AP242AP203 P3XXAP239(N1)E2AP242AP242Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.E1&2TargetP5XXP7XXP6XX al Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 17

LOTAR Homepage:www.lotar-international.orgWhy LOTAR? Mission, Objectives & Scope Legal & Business Motivation Technical & IT Background Goals & BenefitsLOTAR Organization External View Internal View Working Together Fundamentals & Processes Member CompaniesLOTAR Workgroups 3D CAD with PMI PDM Composites Electrical Harness 3D Visualization Meta-Data for Archival Simulation & AnalysisCommunication Public Presentation Progress ReportsLOTAR Standard Overview on Parts Industry UseNewsLinksContactCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 18

Interoperability Impact Digital data interoperability is costing A&DIndustry 5B annually. Digital data interoperability is critical toexchanging and managing informationalacross the Supply Chain as well as acrossyou company’s infrastructure. There are huge saving opportunities bymoving to open neutral data formats andenables a more efficient long termretention strategy over the lifecycle of yourdata.NIST/RTI Survey2008 design and manufacturing survey findings revealed:“Unique CAD requirements added 20 % or more to thecost of doing business”.Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 19

Expected benefits ofthe use of LOTAR standards Process security achieved through implementation ofarchival systems compliant to international accepted standards Aerospace and Defense authorities accept workflow due to intensecollaboration during standards creation Applicable archiving workflow supported by STEP interfaces &functionalities By solving the challenges of long term data retention,issues of data exchange are addressedDevelopment and use of LOTAR standards by the A&D industries allow fordecreasing the costs and risks of LT archiving of aerospace product dataCopyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 20

Any questions?Rick ZURAYLOTAR International co-chairLOTAR Americas Sector chairTechnical Principal – Computing ArchitectTechnical Leadership & InnovationThe Boeing CompanyOffice: 1 (206) 778-6730Mobile: 1 (206) 778-6730Mail to: [email protected] DELAUNAYLOTAR International co-chairLOTAR European Sector chairProduct & Process Information InteroperabilityEngineering Methods & Tools ArchitectAirbus GroupOffice: 33 (0)5-61-18-3131Mobile: 33 (0)6-76-36-5059Mail to: [email protected] HOLMLUNDJochen BOYLOTAR InternationalLOTAR InternationalAmericas Sector Project CoordinatorEuropean Sector Project CoordinatorCAD/CAM Enterprise Operations & Support LeadSenior ConsultantLockheed Martin Aeronautics CompanyPROSTEP AGOffice: 1 (817) 655-6763Office: 49 (0) 6151-9287-382Mobile: N/AMobile: 49 (0) 178-9509-369Mail to: [email protected] to: [email protected] ROSCHELOTAR InternationalCax-IF ChairPresidentACCROffice: 1 (843-847-9807Mail to: [email protected] 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 21

Model Based Definition3D Model Based Definition – Model Based Definition (MBD) is a setof concepts, processes, and tools that allow the creation of anannotated 3D product definition based on a 3D solid model. TheMBD dataset includes all Engineering Intent requirements (includingProcess Specifications, Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing(GD&T), Product and Manufacturing Information (PMI), and otherrequired information). Combined with product lifecycle management(PLM) attributes, a parts list, and general notes, this constitutes anauthoritative, single source of master product definition data thatdoes not include or depend upon traditional 2D drawings. The MBDdataset defines complete requirements for a product in its nominalcondition as well as permissible limits of variation and otheracceptance criteria, providing all the data needed to plan, fabricate,and validate an article of product hardware.Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 22

Model-Based Enterprise A Model-Base Enterprise is an environment that leverages the fullbenefits of Model-Based Definition/Design (MBD) dataset usage,translation, format management, archival, retrieval, and other usesrelative to company processes and requirements. Discussion ofissues related to using model-based product definition in theworkflow. Following CAD data and its derivatives throughoutcompany processes, addressing various tasks and how the data isused (i.e. CAD NC, CAD CMS etc.). Discussion of data use andtranslation requirements within design (CAD to CAD, CAD to CAE, CADto neutral format, etc.), between design and downstream processes(manufacturing, inspection, assembly, service, clients,etc.). Discussion of addressing compliance issues with regulatoryagencies, auditors, etc., long-term data archival issues, datamanagement, data integrity, and data quality, data validation andverification strategies and tools is included.Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 23

Requirements Meeting the legal and business requirements of the aerospace and defenseindustry: EN/NAS 9300 considers requirements coming from:––––Legal and certification rulesRegulations on long term archiving of technical documentationReuseSupport in operation Additional to legal demands, there are industry established standards, companyspecific rules and recommendations. The standard defines architecture, processes and data formats to fulfill theserequirements.Copyright 2017 LOTAR International All rights reserved.Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets2017 Library of Congress Symposium 24

Configuration Management Paper-based Master controlled by the originator (desk drawer) Engineering intent defined in multiple locations Product Data Management File-based Controlled by 1st generation product data manager (file vault) . Digital Architecture, Design & Engineering Assets . Mechanical 3D CAD with .