STEARNS ROADBRIDGECORRIDORA Fox River Bridge at the center of anenvironmental corridor

Kane County BoardList includes all County Board members since 1993(date County first appropriated funds to corridor).ChairmanKaren McConnaughayPresident, Forest Preserve CommissionJohn J. HoscheitDeborah AllanLeon ArdeleanMichael AriansLee BarrettTerence BermesPenny CameronBonnie CampbellJan CarlsonCristina CastroDonnell CollinsJack CookMark DavoustJesus de la IslaMichael DeStefanoJohn FahyHarold FloydRon FordMarlena FoxDrew FraszPaul GreviskesKen GriffinTom HartwellLinda HolmesJohn HoscheitCatherine HurlbutGerald JonesWarren KammererMichael KenyonDennis KosinskiRobert KudlickiBonnie Lee KunkelJennifer LaeschSylvia LeonbergerPhilip LewisHollie LindgrenJohn B. Mayer2002 - Present1998 - 20021992 - 19981998 - 20061988 - 19961980 - 20041992 - 19981994 - 20082008 - Present2007 - Present1990 - 20042004 - Present2006 - 20081980 - 19962006 - 20102001 - 20022008 - Present2004 - 20062008 - Present1990 - 20082002 - 20061996 - 20002004 - 20071996 - Present1994 - Present1992 - 20101982 - 19962004 - Present1994 - 20022002 - 20102004 - Present2009 - 20102006 - 20102006 - Present2004 - Present2009 - 2010Karen McConnaughayRobert McConnaughayMike McCoyAlex McTavishJeanette MihalicJames MitchellMyrna MolinaWilliam MorseRudy NeubergerJohn NoveriniPeter PundDonald RageMary RichardsDorothy SanchezBrad SauerMargaret ScalfaroCarol SchoengartArlene ShoemakerArlene ShoemakerPat SjursethJames SpearMary TaylorJudith TooleyJackie TredupWalter TreiberThomas Van CleaveCaryl Van OvermeirenJesse VazquezDan WalterNancy WauchopeDoug WeigandBarbara WojnickiDon WolfeJohn WoodWilliam Wyatt1992 - Present1990 - 20101992 - 20041992 - 19942008 - Present1990 - Present20061992 - 20021996 - 20082002 - 20081992 - 19961994 - 20021980 - 20041996 - 20061990 - 19962002 - 20041980 - 19941982 - 19942006 - 20091990 - 19961996 - 20001982 - 19961980 - 19961996 - Present1990 - 19962004 - Present1992 - 20062008 - Present2000 - 20041978 - 19941992 - 20041998 - Present1996 - 20081994 - 19981996 - 2010

Letterfrom theChairmanDecember 15, 2010Kane County is so proud to announce the completion of the long awaited Stearns Road Bridge Corridor. This project represents the culmination of the efforts of somany people, and the end result is a much needed new Fox River Bridge Crossing and roadway corridor that extends from Randall Road to the DuPage CountyLine.When the County embarked on a study to identify additional east-west river crossings over 20 years ago, to all outward appearances, the Stearns Road BridgeCorridor did not appear to be the most likely corridor to be selected. The environmental resources and the beautiful natural surroundings made this location adifficult place to site a road.But thankfully, through the significant efforts of Speaker Dennis Hastert and Kane County’s partnership with the Federal Highway Administration, the US ArmyCorps of Engineers, the Illinois Department of Natural Resources, the Illinois Department of Transportation and many, many others, we were able to develop a newbridge and roadway corridor that not only protects the existing environment along the corridor, but also enhances, restores and protects precious resources.The result “A Fox River Bridge at the Center of an Environmental Corridor.”We are so thrilled to have many of the people responsible for making this project a reality participating in the ribbon cutting ceremony today to celebrate thecompletion of the largest infrastructure project in the history of Kane County. And we were especially pleased to have constructed this project during a time whenmuch needed jobs could be created to help the region endure a very difficult economic time. Further, the region is looking forward to the long term economicdevelopment opportunities that will be created by completion of the corridor.This project will reward the community with enhanced connections for the passage of wildlife and people. It interconnects the major environmental sites within thecorridor through newly created public access and linkages to the areas. We hear about sustainability goals evolving today, yet Kane County was years ahead in thiseffort, and we are so pleased to present the Stearns Road Bridge Corridor to the residents of Kane County. The project is consistent with its context – from the useof form liners replicating locally-quarried limestone to color choices and plantings to ornamentation that truly reflects the corridor and its surroundings. We havecompleted a much needed new regional transportation corridor, enhanced with 216 acres of new open space and restored native prairie, oak savanna and wetlandsfor the enjoyment of generations to come.Sincerely,Karen McConnaughayCounty Board Chairman1

2Restored Savanna on Illinois Route 25

Table of contentsEconomic DevelopmentAchieving the Environmental VisionThe 20-Year History of Stearns RoadThe Project StoryDriving the CorridorProject Partners4681022263

economic developmentPutting People Back to WorkA project of the magnitude of Stearns Road wouldn’t have been feasiblewithout a united effort. Kane County is grateful for the support and dedicationof our valued partners in the labor unions. The Stearns Road Corridor willserve as a testament to the skill, pride and commitment of these men andwomen for generations to come.Our labor union partners include:999999999999999999Carpenters Local 363Electricians Local 117Finishers Local 11, Area 638Ironworkers Local 393Laborers Local 76LandscapersOperators Local 76Painters Local 30Teamsters Local 673The project came along at a time when the region could use it most. Manyjobs were created, with employment numbers on-site at 220 workers per day.Based on estimates from the US Department of Transportation, 1 million inconstruction investment results in 35 jobs for workers and local businesses.That means the Stearns Road project generated 5,138 jobs for the region.This provided a much needed economic boost when Kane County needed itmost.4

economic developmentLong Term Economic Growth ImpactsNot only did Stearns Road bring jobs to the region during an economicdownturn, this project will have long term and lasting impact on the entireregion. The corridor creates a link between the east and west sides of thecounty, providing opportunities for people on the east side of the river, forinstance, to easily visit shopping destinations along Randall Road.5

achieving the environmental visionCelebrating and Restoring the History of the CorridorGreen Land AcquisitionThe areas highlightedin green represent landacquisition to preserve andrestore the environment(216 acres).McLean Fen – Groundwater RechargeProtection AreaA fen is a type of wetland usually fed by groundwaterwith higher pH (neutral base to alkaline.) Acquiringthe recharge area for the McLean Fen sets it asidefor open space, and protects that area from thepressures of suburban development.Vegetative Swales, Native PlantingsBecause of the sensitive natural resources adjacentto Stearns Road, special best management practiceswere incorporated into the final plans. These includevegetated swales with native plantings for water filtering,clay lined ditches to prevent roadway runoff fromentering sensitive groundwater resources and shallowwetland bottom detention basins planted with nativevegetation. The native plantings were included in thestormwater features for water quality enhancements,aesthetics, and natural adaptation to area conditions,thereby lowering future maintenance costs.Jon Duerr Forest Preserve SiteThis Kane County Forest Preserve site is located immediatelysouth of Illinois Route 31, east and west of the McLeanBoulevard intersection. During construction, Sugar Ridgeditch was relocated and regraded, with detention areasconstructed along the stream. To protect water qualityflowing into this preserve, which includes a natural 8 foothigh waterfall, strict erosion and sediment controls wereincorporated into the plans. Inspection and maintenance ofthese controls were intensive to ensure water quality goals.6River ProtectionThe Fox River is a valued resource within the Stearns Road corridor. During the environmentalsurveys that were conducted, numerous state listed threatened or endangered species wereobserved in the Fox River. These included the River Redhorse fish (Moxostoma carinatum), theGreater Redhorse (M. valenciennesi), and the slippershell mussel (Alasmidonta viridis). To protectthe fish species, work was suspended within the Fox River or Brewster Creek during the spawningperiod for these fishes (February through June).Mussel surveys conducted in the Fox River prior to construction did not turn up the slippershellmussel, but did encounter another state endangered species, the black sandshell (Ligumia recta).

Minimize Light PollutionLight, obtrusive pollution, orexcessive artificial light disturbsthe natural night time landscape.Stearns Road features minimallights to accomplish sufficientlevels and highlights the bridge.Wetland Restoration SiteThe project began with the acquisitionand creation of a massive stormwaterquality wetland restoration site - a 65acre acquisition. This enabled the mainconstruction contracts to dischargeclean stormwater to the Fox River andupstream tributaries. This protectedBrewster Creek and the Fox Riverfrom potential sediment runoff duringconstruction and beyond.James “Pate” Philip State ParkFormerly known as Tri-County State Park, this preserve is located immediately northof existing Stearns Road and east of Dunham. Combined with the adjacent PrattsWayne Woods Forest Preserve, it encompasses over 3,400 acres of remnant andrestored native communities. This site harbors restored native wetland and prairiecommunities, plus a natural, undisturbed meandering section of Brewster Creek.The site provides habitat for numerous species of wildlife including endangeredreptiles, birds and a state listed plant species: the dwarf burreed (Sparganiumchlorocarpum). During construction, the Stearns Road work area was definedwith fencing to prevent any accidental intrusions into this natural area.Recycled BridgeA former highway bridgewas converted to a mixeduse trail to reduce cost andreduce construction waste.An additional bridge wasrelocated for reuse to otherparts of the County.Pratts Wayne Woods Forest PreserveThis DuPage County Forest Preserve site is located southof Stearns Road and is part of the open space complexthat includes James “Pate” Philip State Park. This siteincludes restored native wetlands and prairie communitiesand hundreds of acres of habitat for wildlife.Adaptive Management Plan Areas–Restored Native CommunitiesKnown as the South Elgin Sedge Meadow / Sand Hill Annex, these sites totalapproximately 35 acres. The goal of these facilities is to return these areas totheir native vegetation including oak savanna. To accomplish this, the Countyperformed selective clearing through controlled burns, removing scrub trees,fencing, buildings and driveways. Over 150 deciduous trees, 350 shrubs and200 perennials were planted, in addition to mulching and seeding. The facilitiesinclude new pervious concrete drives and parking lots, and permeable trailsthat allow stormwater to flow through, as well as benches, bike racks, parkinglots, and other facilities to make the area accessible to the public. These areaswill become part of the Kane County Forest Preserve.Brewster Creek FenThe Brewster Creek Fen is located south of the Stearns Road Corridor. Thisdedicated Illinois Nature Preserve is a fine example of a groundwater fed fencommunity dominated by herbaceous, non-woody plants. Numerous state listedplant species are known to occur within the Brewster Creek Fen. Being downstreamfrom Stearns Road on the East Branch of Brewster Creek, any discharge of sedimentor other pollutants into Brewster Creek from construction could pose harm to theFen. Therefore, state of the art soil erosion and sediment control measures weredesigned specifically for Stearns Road. In addition, the County’s diligent pursuit ofwater quality protection assured that all erosion and sediment controls were wellmaintained. Two bridges were constructed over the East Branch of Brewster Creekutilizing these specific erosion and sediment controls.7

tHE 20-YEAR HISTORY OF STEARNS ROADEnvironmental Impact Study (EIS): Win-Win SolutionPre - 1990Five corridors were advanced to an EIS, with three locations identified as preferred: BolzRoad, Stearns Road and Mooseheart/IL 56. The Stearns Road Corridor proves to be a difficultchallenge due to the native areas and pristine environmental resources along the corridor.But through proactive community engagement, a compromise is developed in the form of anenvironmental vision for the corridor, which saves Stearns Road as a preferred corridor.Fox River BridgeCrossing Study(20 Corridors)1990Fox River Bridge AdvisoryCommittee is formed. CongressmanDennis Hastert champions acommittee of local governmentrepresentatives. Twenty corridorsare identified for study. Ninecorridors are considered (9 Corridors)May 1994Corridor AnalysisDocument is published.EIS Initiated(5 Corridors)RIGHTOF WAYINITIATEDJune 1994July 1999EIS is initiated withfive corridors underconsideration.Started acquiringright-of-wayNabi Fakkroddin, PE, SECounty Engineer8Jeffrey Dailey, PECounty Engineer1997

Funding PursuitsEnvironmentalVision isCompletedFebruary 2002Stearns RoadEnvironmental VisionDocument is completed.This document providesa vision for the longterm goals for themitigation, restorationand management ofenvironmental resourcesalong the corridor.FederalRecordof Decision(3 Corridors)May 2002Post - 2010Once again, the project struggles to survive:the project carries a big pricetag. In 2005,Congressman Hastert comes through again withSAFETEA-LU funding for a majority of the project.The County prioritizes improvements and aphased construction plan is devised.GroundBreakingCeremonyStearnsAdvance inlineContractsOctober 2006November 2006 toJanuary 2008January 2008April & June 2009Advance work contracts aredesigned and built:FHWA issues a Recordof Decision approvingthe EIS and threepreferred corridors.Stearns Road is selectedas the County’s firstpriority. 31 over NewStearns RoadWetland RestorationSiteDunham/CC&P GradeSeparationStearns Bridge overBrewster CreekArmed with a phasedconstruction plan to buildthe ten year plan forthe Corridor, the Countyengages engineeringconsultants to initiateroadway and bridgedesign contracts. PhaseII Engineering begins.The project is broken upinto manageable pieces,prioritizing elements tostreamline design andconstruction.Four major constructioncontracts are bid andawarded. Constructionbegins.RibbonCuttingDecember 2010Ribbon Cutting!Corridor is open tothe public.Carl Schoedel, PECounty Engineer200320109

The Project StoryStearns Road: A Fox River Bridge at the center of anenvironmental corridor.That sounds a bit unconventional.and it is.The Stearns Road corridor has a long and interesting story – over 20 years infact - which ends with the completion of a much needed new crossing of theFox River in central Kane County. Want to learn more? Read on.A study was commissioned and completed, and in 1994, the CorridorAnalysis Document was published. Of the 20 corridors originally identified,nine were considered potentially suitable. These were identified as:999999999999999999County Line RoadLongmeadow Parkway/Bolz RoadMiller Road/Lake Marian RoadBoncosky RoadCC&P RR/Stearns RoadRed Gate RoadCrane Road/Country Club RoadCNWRR/Dean StreetMoosehart Road/Illinois 56/Oak StreetUltimately four corridors were eliminated from consideration by the Countyfor a variety of reasons. Five corridors were selected to be studied by KaneCounty in a combined Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).What is an EIS?An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) under United States environmentallaw is a document required by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)for federal government agency actions that could “significantly affect thequality of the human environment.” A tool for decision making, an EISdescribes the positive and negative environmental effects of a proposedagency action - and cites alternative actions.When a major transportation project is planned and federal funding isanticipated, the agency must comply with NEPA to remain eligible forfederal funding. This ensures that the agency considers the impacts to theenvironment in the alternatives evaluated and chosen.Early HistoryIn 1990, then Congressman Dennis Hastert championed the formationof the Fox River Bridge Advisory Committee. It consisted primarily oflocal government representatives, with assistance from the Chicago AreaTransportation Study (now known as Chicago Metropolitan Agency forPlanning). From this committee, 20 possible corridors ranging from Algonquinin McHenry County to Yorkville in Kendall County were identified forevaluation.10The Kane County EISThe EIS undertaken by Kane County included the ambitious evaluation of fivecorridors in one document. These included:9999999999Longmeadow Parkway/Bolz RoadCC&P RR/Stearns RoadRed Gate RoadCNWRR/Dean StreetMoosehart Road/Illinois 56/Oak Street

The Project StoryProject Purpose & NeedOne of the first steps in completing an EIS is to develop an acceptablepurpose and need statement for the project. The Federal HighwayAdministration (FHWA) is responsible for the administration of NEPA policy,and says the following about the purpose and need statement in theirSeptember 1990 publication titled “The Importance of Purpose and Need inEnvironmental Documents”:“The purpose and need section is in many ways the most importantchapter of an environmental impact statement (EIS). It establishes whythe agency is proposing to spend large amounts of taxpayers’ moneywhile at the same time causing significant environmental impacts. Aclear, well-justified purpose and need section explains to the publicand decision makers that the expenditure of funds is necessary andworthwhile and that the priority the project is being given relative to otherneeded highway projects is warranted. In addition, although significantenvironmental impacts are expected to be caused by the project, thepurpose and need section should justify why impacts are acceptablebased on the project’s importance.Without a well-defined, well-established and well-justified purpose andneed, it will be difficult to determine which alternatives are reasonable,prudent and practicable, and it may be impossible to dismiss the no-buildalternative.”The purpose and need statement is reviewed and “concurrence” is grantedby resources agencies, indicating that they agree with the reasons forpursuing the project. In Illinois, these resource agencies include:9999999999U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (US ACOE)U.S. Fish and Wildlife (USF&W)U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR)Fox River Bridges Purpose and NeedMap of corridor alternativesThe purpose and need statement for the Fox River Bridges consisted of thefollowing three components:1.Enhance Transportation for the Kane County corridor by reducingcongestion and providing alternate and more direct routes.11

The Project StoryAs can be seen in this Traffic Growth Desire Bands graphic from theCounty’s long range transportation plan below, traffic has a strongeast west and diagonal component. The tan lines illustrate people’sdesired routes of travel in Kane County - the thicker the line, theheavier the traffic pattern. There is a heavy northwest to southeastmovement up near the McHenry/Kane border and a heavy southwestto northeast movement down near the Kendall/Kane border. Ingeneral these parallel the I-90 and I-88 corridors, which are thesources of high speed access to employment centers.Conform with local landuse plans. Kane County hasimplemented the 50/50/50Land Resource ManagementStrategy which means:47903120257272COOK COUNTYMCHENRY COUNTY902047643125643838DUPAGE COUNTY3.Serve Land Use by providingaccess to Central BusinessDistricts, public service andcommercial centers. The projectshould support and enhancelocal and regional land use bycreating access to these areas.DEKALB COUNTY2.3156568830472599 in order to preserve 50%of the Kane County landarea in open space andagricultureTraffic Growth Desire Bands99 the County needs 50% ofthe growth in the urbancorridor (along the Fox River)99 and 50% of the growth in the “critical growth” area in thecentral part of Kane County30KENDALL COUNTYFuture Travel Growth Desire Bands2003 - 2030Volume of Trips (Two-Way)02Miles42003 Trips2030 Trips50,000 vpd100,000 vpdOnce the purpose and need was established and approved, a series ofalternatives for all five corridors was considered. Three corridors emerged asserving the purpose and need:99 North – Bolz Road (Longmeadow Pkwy)99 Central – Stearns Road99 South - Oak Street/IL Rte 56The environmental impacts of the three remaining alternatives were thenstudied and evaluated in further detail.As the EIS evolved, the Stearns Road corridor was the subject of muchdiscussion regarding the rich environmental resources and in some cases,the degradation of these former treasures in the County along this route. Itbecame a question of serious debate whether or not a road should be sitedin this corridor. At some point, it appeared that this corridor would be struckfrom consideration due to the environmental challenges and the perceivedimpacts. But the project team persevered, as this was the most central ofthe three locations and the alignment that best met the purpose and need.As the project developed, all of the resource agencies - US EPA, US ACOE,USF&W, IEPA and IDNR - began to see the value and the wisdom of pursuingthe Stearns corridor alignment because it offered a way to not only protect,but enhance the various environmental features. The no-build scenario wasseen as resulting in continued degradation of the environment and so the donothing approach was LESS sustainable than pursuing the project.Figure 7-8Kane County 2030 Transportation PlanFile Path: ocs\Section7\Fig7-08DesireLines03 30.mxd, Date: October 13, 2004 2:23:55 PMIn layman’s terms, Kane County is a great place to live, but the employmentcenters are either along the I-90 corridor from Schaumburg to O’Hare, oralong the I-88 high-tech corridor through Naperville or even other pointseast like the City of Chicago. Therefore, there is a heavy need for traffic tocross the Fox River. Meanwhile there were very few bridge crossings up anddown the valley. Stearns Road addresses this issue effectively by providingan east-west connection to and from DuPage and Cook Counties.12Alternatives EvaluationsAs a result of extensive coordination with the resource agencies, a numberof environmental concessions were made to protect, preserve and restoredegraded portions of the proposed Stearns Corridor. These includedprotection of the ground water recharge areas that provide drinking waterto the region, restoration of native savanna, establishment of a protectedwetland area for the high quality river tributary area and a number of otherconcepts that were summarized in a report entitled the “EnvironmentalVision” document. One of the agreements made was to connect the regionaltrails in the area by providing a mixed-use path along the new corridor. Thegraphic at the top of the next page depicts this connection.

criteria, they were not effective in that they could not achieve substantial noise reduction or thecosts were excessive relative to the number of homes benefited (Section 4.2.11 of the FEIS).The Project StoryIn cooperation with local officials during design development, the County will develop plans toinstall berming and landscaping, or other possible measures, near receptors where right-of-way isavailable. A depressed roadway is not feasible near noise receptors because local access must bemaintained. A depressed roadway is also not feasible because to achieve adequate noiseattenuation would render the drainage and detention impractical.8. ConclusionMid-County TrailFox River TrailStearns is theintersectionThe FHWA has reached its decision based upon information and analysis contained in the FEIS and outlinedin this document. FHWA’s decision concludes that each of the build alternatives for three of the fivecorridors as described in this document herein: 1) best satisfies Purpose and Need, 2) poses the least impactsto the natural and human environment, 3) has been selected based on processes in compliance with NEPA andother applicable requirements, 4) each remains eligible for Federal Highway funding, and 5) Kane County, asproject sponsor, may advance each through the project development process.Silver Glen TrailRecord of Decision ApprovalNNewMMulti-Uselti UTrail Overpass atRandall RoadIllinois Prairie PathPage 1The completion of the elements in this document secured the Stearns RoadCorridor’s future, and thus laid the groundwork for "a Fox River Bridge atthe center of an environmental corridor."The Record of Decision - May 2002The final significant milestone in an EIS is the issuance of a Record of Decision (ROD) for the project. The ROD is signed off by the FHWA. A Record ofDecision for a project such as this outlines the many commitments that areagreed to by the agencies involved in the project. These typically representcompromises among the owner and stakeholders to ensure that the alternative selected meets the agreed upon conditions which were discussed andnegotiated along the way.The ROD for the Stearns Road EIS was issued in May 2002 and included theapproval of the three corridors – Longmeadow/Bolz, Stearns and Oak Street/IL 56.The Next Step - Engineering DesignDue to its location in the central section of the county and the positive impactthat the project could have to the region, Stearns Road became the County’sfirst priority. Engineering is a two step process – preparation of a combineddesign report (preliminary engineering) that outlines the roadway alignmentand geometry and then preparation of final engineering plans for the purposeof obtaining bids and constructing the project. The combined design reportwas completed and approved – a team effort by the County and the IllinoisDepartment of Transportation – as they each have jurisdiction on variousroads on this corridor. The next step, final engineering plans, was stalled dueto funding concerns.Funding PursuitsWhat happens next is another point where the fate of Stearns Road wasrelatively precarious. Some funding had been secured, but it was not nearenough to complete the whole project. Congressman Dennis Hastert hadassisted in obtaining Federal Funding, and the County had pursued grantsFox River Bridges Record of DecisionApril, 2002and cost sharing wherever available, but the monies were still not enoughPage 25to complete the entire corridor. The County evaluated several options, andfinally arrived at an idea to develop a plan that would include constructionof staged improvements for a ten year planning horizon. The County wouldcontinue to seek funding sources, and then completion of the remaining work(ultimate buildout) would be initiated as soon as additional monies couldbe secured. Once again, Stearns Road was back on track, and the Countymoved forward with the design plans and construction of the project.13

The Project StoryThe Economy Helps Build the RestWith the corridor 20 years in the making, the project could have been builtat many points along the way. However, bidding in 2009 was quite fortuitousfor Kane County. With a recession looming and contractors eagerly seekingto secure contracts to keep their workers employed, the bids for the mainlineconstruction contracts camein substantially lower than theoriginal estimates. This resultedin another win-win for the project,with taxpayers benefitting fromgood bid prices while providingmuch needed construction jobsin a down economy. The good bidprices freed up additional funds,allowing the ultimate buildout to beinitiated several years ahead of the10 year planning horizon for the finalimprovements. The final chapter ofnew Stearns Road will be writtenwith the completion of this work.Corridor ChallengesIn developing the plan for StearnsRoad, there were many challengesthat required the hard work andcooperation of many partners alongthe way. These included:99 Active rail lines – The CN(CC&P) rail line runs alongthe length of the entirecorridor, and the UP has several crossings on the corridor. Thisrequired construction of grade separation structures at DunhamRoad and McLean Boulevard and reconstruction of the at-gradecrossing where the CC&P crosses Illinois Route 25.99 Trolley Museum – The historic Fox River Trolley Museum operatesalong the west bank of the Fox River right through the project,crossing under the proposed river bridge. Coordination with themuseum was required to ensure that the new bridge would notimpact their facilities, and that their operations could continue14throughout the two year construction period. In a cooperative spirit,the museum board worked with the County and even providedconstruction tours to local school children.99Major parks/forest preserves –There are several parks and forestpreserves along the corridor. TheKane County Forest PreserveDistrict was a valued partner indeveloping the plan for StearnsRoad. Extensive coordinationwith the Kane County ForestPreserve District and DuPageCounty was completed to ensurethat the improvements were anenhancement to the area anddid not impact or prohibit futureplans. In a very cooperative spirit,a multiparty IntergovernmentalAgreement was executed by theseentities, with the end result beinga solution that meets

that allow stormwater to flow through, as well as benches, bike racks, parking lots, and other facilities to make the area accessible to the public. These areas will become part of the Kane County Forest Preserve. recycled Bridge A former highway bridge was converted to a mixed-use trail to reduce cost and reduce construction waste.